By Paul A. Kramer
In 1899 the U.S., having introduced its arrival as an international energy in the course of the Spanish-Cuban-American struggle, inaugurated a brutal warfare of imperial conquest opposed to the Philippine Republic. Over the subsequent 5 many years, U.S. imperialists justified their colonial empire by means of crafting novel racial ideologies tailored to new realities of collaboration and anticolonial resistance. during this pathbreaking, transnational learn, Paul A. Kramer unearths how racial politics served U.S. empire, and the way empire-building in flip remodeled rules of race and state in either the us and the Philippines.
Kramer argues that Philippine-American colonial historical past was once characterised by means of struggles over sovereignty and popularity. within the wake of a racial-exterminist battle, U.S. colonialists, in discussion with Filipino elites, divided the Philippine inhabitants into "civilized" Christians and "savage" animists and Muslims. the previous have been subjected to a calibrated colonialism that delicately prolonged them self-government as they established their "capacities." The latter have been ruled first via americans, then by way of Christian Filipinos who had confirmed themselves invaluable of shouldering the "white man's burden." finally, notwithstanding, this racial imaginative and prescient of imperial nation-building collided with U.S. nativist efforts to insulate the us from its colonies, even on the fee of Philippine independence. Kramer offers an leading edge account of the worldwide modifications of race and the centrality of empire to twentieth-century U.S. and Philippine histories.
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